Responsibility to Care is my response to the United Nations adopting the principle of Responsibility to Protect.

R2P means that in the event that a nation state is neither willing nor able to protect its citizens, that responsibility falls to the United Nations.

Military action is not to be used except as a last measure after all other possible means of resolution have been tried.

I extend this principle to doctors and suggest that we have a responsibility to care, not only for those patients under our direct supervision, but also to care for humanity and for this earth.

Enough Blood Shed
MW in Busan, Korea
Kazakhstan Hillside
Kazakhstan tribesman in the yurt
DPRK Pastore
Children in North Korea
Enough Blood Shed, Japanese Edition


Dr. Mary-Wynne Ashford, retired

  • Family and Palliative Care Physician
  • Associate Professor, University of Victoria
  • Author of Enough Blood Shed: 101 Solutions to Violence, Terror, and War, (2006), New Society Publishers. Solutions Series of Guy Dauncey.
  • Japanese and Korean translations of Enough Blood Shed released in 2007 and 2010.


  • BSc and B.Ed., University of Alberta, 1960 and 1961
  • MD University of Calgary 1981
  • PhD Simon Fraser University 1996


  • Co-President of International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War 1998-2002
  • President of Canadian Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (now Physicians for Global Survival (Canada) 1988-90
  • Speaker and writer on Medical Consequences of Nuclear War; Prevention of War; Education for Transformation; and Examples of successful nonviolent initiatives to prevent or end armed conflict.


mwashford at gmail dot com